[Image: A cosmetically touched-up view of villages being set alight by mirrors; view slightly larger. From Deliciae physico (1636) by Daniel Schwenter].
Perhaps you remember the Austrian village of Rattenberg, so thoroughly hidden in the mountain shadows every winter that it installed a huge system of mirrors to bring the sun back in. The town of Rjukan, Norway, recently experimented with the same thing.
“High on the mountain opposite,” the Guardian reported back in 2013, “450 metres above the town, three large, solar-powered, computer-controlled mirrors steadily track the movement of the sun across the sky, reflecting its rays down on to the square and bathing it in bright sunlight.”
A far more sinister version of this exact sort of system was illustrated in a German book called Deliciae physico, published back in 1636, by Daniel Schwenter.
There, a woodcut shows a kind of reflective super-weapon mounted atop pillars, made of concave mirrors and magnifying lenses, setting fire to two distant buildings simultaneously the way a bumbling child might torture ants.
[Image: The full original page; view larger. From Deliciae physico (1636) by Daniel Schwenter].
Interestingly, this Apollonian death ray—a frighteningly literal light brigade—is presented in the book’s much larger context of telescopes, astronomy, and other optical devices, including distorting mirrors and cameras obscura.
Check out all 650 pages of the book here, courtesy of the U.S. Library of Congress, including some very cool images.
(Originally spotted via the excellent Twitter feed, @HistAstro).
2 thoughts on “The Mirror War and the Light Brigade”
Wikipedia notes that the 2005 Rattenberg project was sadly never implemented:
Three heliostats installed on the roof of a 23 story building in New York City provide much needed light in the Teardrop Park South.
Although this is a 2005 story, it was apparently actually implemented, according to online sources – I guess I’ll need to do an update.